Category Nature

Types of bats that can be found in Corsica

 

Some twenty-two species live in Corsica, believe it or not. And, this island shelters a third of the national numbers, which is the most important within the Western Mediterranean basin with this particular characteristic.
Among the species present here, is the smallest in Europe: the Common Pipistrelle, but, also the largest and rarest: the Great Noctule !
Corsica is also the only region around France where one can meet the Maghreb Murin, a cave dwelling species.

To be noted: the reproduction rate is very low; with just one baby per year and per female. If you are interested in bats, here is a site that could very well interest you: http://chauvesouriscorse.fr/

 

Source:
Patrimoniu di Corsica ©

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Burdock ‘Erba Tignosa’ – as a medicinal plant

corsica-guide-la-bardane-erba-tignosaHighly appreciated for the many virtues it offers, and belonging to the Asteraceae family.

Purgative, sudorific, diuretic, choloretic, against diabetes, antibiotic and antivenin. But, it has also been used to treat boils, anthrax, throat and dental abscess, dermatosis, acne, eczema, ringworm, measles, gout, rheumatism and gallbladder stones – the list is impressive. 
For internal use
The root must be used fresh but not dried –  limiting the use to spring and autumn. 
Boil 60g of fresh root in 1L water for around 10min. 
For external use:
The leaves are freshly plucked, and can be applied as a poultice against chronic pulmonary disorders, colds and rheumatism – macerated in olive oil, they accelerate the healing of leg ulcers and sores in general. 
 
 
 
Source: Corsica Guide © 
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A few words on: The Corsican Mouflon

The Corsican mouflon is a wild mountain sheep. ‘Ovis gmelini musimon var. Corsicana’ – this is to distinguish him from his Sardinian and Cypriot cousins.  This mouflon has never been hybridised, so the preservation as a separate species is important to defend.
The mouflon prefers open country, hard underfoot, covered with grassy or bushy vegetation.  A Mediterranean hoofed animal who seeks steep slopes and rocks to protect himself from man and stray dogs. He is known for having diverse tastes in herbaceous food – mainly grass, but also leaves, buds, young shoots, berries, nuts, chestnuts, roots, mushrooms and lichen.  His main water intake is through the fresh vegetation he eats, as he rarely drinks.

Mouflons react to climatic and seasonal changes by seeking shelter from snow in winter, or...

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A few words on: Salamandra Corsica

The Corsican Salamander was, for a long time regarded as a sub-species of the spotted salamander from the mainland – but, since not so long ago has become identified as a full-scale species.
Genetic studies have shown that the closest relative of the island’s salamander would be the black salamander from the Alps, branching off five million years ago.

‘U Cateddu Muntagnolu, Turcu Montanu, Cadellu Lurcu, Cane Montile’

Very easy to identify, the Corsican Salamander has shiny skin and is dotted with yellow spots (sometimes orange), irregularly laid out.
The tail is cylindrical, and at a larval stage, it can be distinguished from the Corsican Euprocte by the presence of yellow spots at the base of the legs.

Size: from 11cm – 21cm                                                                 ...

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Mullein ‘U Biancu’ – as a medicinal plant

Mullein is known for its emollient, sedative and pectoral properties. It can be used in cases of respiratory and digestive irritations.
 
 
External Use:
The decoction of the flowers can be used as a ‘lavage’ for intestinal colic.
The leaves are cooked and applied as poultices, calming skin inflammations and also painful hemorrhoids – along with maturing boils and panaris. The milk, in which a handful of leaves from the winter’s rosettes has boiled, heals frostbite and cracked hands  in a few days – soaking them for a short while, morning and night (lukewarm).
 
Infusion of flowers for pectoral use:
– 1 tablespoon per cup in boiling water for tracheobronchitis conditions: coughs, acute and chronic catarrh.
Mix for (four-flower herbal tea) great mullein flowers:
– 30g poppy
– 20g mauve
– 10...
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